Witty Pi is an add-on board that adds realtime clock and power management to your Raspberry Pi. It can define your Raspberry Pi’s ON/OFF sequence, and significantly reduce the energy usage. Witty Pi 4 L3V7 is the new member of the fourth generation of Witty Pi, and it is designed to work with 3.7V Lithium (ion or polymer) battery (that’s what L3V7 stands for), and can be used as an UPS.
Witty Pi 4 L3V7 has these hardware resources onboard:
- Factory calibrated and temperature compensated realtime clock with ±2ppm accuracy.
- Dedicated temperature sensor with 0.125 °C resolution.
- AVR 8-bit microcontroller (MCU) with 8 KB programmable flash.
- DC/DC step-up (boost) converter that outputs up to 5V/3A.
- Charging manager that can charge battery with up to 1A current.
Witty Pi 4 L3V7 has very similar design with Witty Pi 4, however its DC/DC converter is a step-up (boost) converter, while Witty Pi 4 comes with a step-down (bulk) converter. Witty Pi 4 L3V7 also has charging circuit that can charge the battery.
Remarks: Witty Pi’s software is developed and tested under Raspberry Pi OS (the former Raspbian). If you want to use Witty Pi on other Linux distributions, you may not be able to install the software without error. This is due to the fact that different Linux distributions have different packages installed by default, and their default users may have different privilege settings too. You may need to modify the software installation script or even the software itself, however this will need you to have some knowledge of BASH programming.
Built-in Uninterruptible Power Supply (UPS) Functionality
Witty Pi 4 L3V7 has integrated the battery charging circuit and DC/DC boost converter on board, and it can be used as an uninterruptible power supply (UPS). Witty Pi 4 L3V7 can work with all chargeable Lithium Ion or Lithium Polymer battery that has nominal voltage of 3.7V (and full-charged voltage of 4.2V).
When 5V power supply is connected to the USB-C connector on Witty Pi 4 L3V7, it will take the priority to power the board with Raspberry Pi together. In the meantime, the battery is disconnected from the power rails and gets charged.
After 5V power supply is disconnected, the voltage of the battery will be monitored by Witty Pi 4 L3V7. Once the battery voltage drops under a preset threshold, Witty Pi’s software will perform a graceful shutdown and then cut the power of Raspberry Pi. By adjusting the low voltage threshold, you can decide when should the device shutdown before the battery is fully discharged.
Accurate Realtime Clock and ON/OFF Scheduling
The realtime clock (RTC) on Witty Pi 4 L3V7 has been calibrated in the factory and Witty Pi 4 L3V7’s firmware also makes temperature compensation for the crystal. This makes the RTC very accurate and the actual annual error is limited within ±2ppm. When your Raspberry Pi boots up, the time stored in the RTC will overwrite the system time. As a result, your Raspberry Pi knows the correct time even without accessing the Internet. You can schedule the startup and/or shutdown of your Raspberry Pi, and make it a time-controlled device. You can even define a schedule script to schedule complicated ON/OFF sequence for your Raspberry Pi.
Scheduling the ON/OFF sequence for Raspberry Pi is the most popular feature of Witty Pi, and it is extremely useful for systems that powered by battery. By only turning on Raspberry Pi when necessary, the battery can be used way much longer with Witty Pi installed.
Temperature Controlled Device
The temperature sensor on Witty Pi 4 Mini has 0.125 °C resolution. The temperature data is used for compensating the crystal and make the RTC more accurate.
You can also specific the action (startup or shutdown) when temperature goes above or below the preset threshold. Which means you can also make your Raspberry Pi a temperature-controlled device.
E-Latching Power Switch
Witty Pi 4 L3V7 implements an e-Latching power switch, which behaves very similar to the power switch on your PC/laptop computer. You can gracefully turn on/off your Raspberry Pi with a single tap on the button. The software running in background will execute the shutdown command before the power gets cut, and it avoids the data corruption caused by “hard” shutdown.
Single I2C Device
Witty Pi 4 uses MCU to emulate a single I2C device with default address 0x08, and also map all I2C registers in realtime clock and temperature sensor as virtual I2C registers in the same device. You can access all I2C registers in realtime clock and temperature sensor via the single I2C device emulated by Witty Pi 4.
The advantage of this new design is that Witty Pi 4 hides other I2C devices (realtime clock, temperature sensor) and becomes the proxy of them to talk to Raspberry Pi. Because the I2C address used by Witty Pi 4 can be changed to any value, you can always avoid the I2C address conflicting.
Witty Pi 4 L3V7 is fully supported by UWI (UUGear Web Interface), and you can access you Witty Pi 4 L3V7 from any device that have network access.
Witty Pi 4 L3V7 uses the same software as Witty Pi 4. You just need to run these two commands in your Raspberry Pi to install Witty Pi 4 L3V7’s software:
pi@raspberrypi:~ $ wget https://www.uugear.com/repo/WittyPi4/install.sh pi@raspberrypi:~ $ sudo sh install.sh
The software and firmware of Witty Pi 4 L3V7 are open-sourced. You can find the source code on GitHub.
Each Witty Pi 4 L3V7 package contains:
- Witty Pi 4 L3V7 board x 1
- M2.5 x 10mm plastic screws x 4
- 4mm plastic spacer x 4
- M2.5 plastic nut x 4
- 8cm PH2.0 cable x 1
|Dimension||65mm x 30mm x 7mm|
|Weight||10g (net weight without accessories)|
|Realtime Clock||PCF85063A (datasheet), calibrated in factory.|
|Temperature Sensor||LM75B (datasheet)|
|DC/DC Converter||MP3423 (datasheet)|
|Charging Manager||TP4056 (datasheet)|
|Power In||DC 5V (via USB-C connector) or 3.7V Lithium ion/polymer battery|
|Output Current||Up to 3A for Raspberry Pi and its peripherals|
|Standby Current||~0.3mA on 3.7V battery, ~1mA on USB-C 5V|
|Operating Environment||Temperature -30°C~80°C (-22°F~176°F)
Humidity 0~80%RH, no condensing, no corrosive gas
More information about this product can be found in its user manual: https://www.uugear.com/doc/WittyPi4L3V7_UserManual.pdf
Schedule Script Generator
You can now use our web app to create and debug the schedule script for Witty Pi.